SOME PUBLIC HOLIDAYS ARE FUN AND A JOY TO CELEBRATE. THE END OF THE YEAR, PERHAPS. OF COURSE, PROVIDING YOU ARE NOT PUT OFF BY YOUR SERIOUS NEW YEAR’S RESOLUTION. YET, THERE ARE OTHER SPECIAL DAYS THAT SERVE AS COMMEMORATIONS, REMINDERS OR EVEN WARNINGS. And such a date is November 14th, a World Diabetes Day. Because one of the biggest threats of diabetes is that half of the people who have it, don’t know about it until it gets really serious.

And serious it is. Worldwide, there are approximately 463 million people with diabetes while the WHO asserts it is the 7th most likely cause of death. And the financial toll is huge as well. With its 760 billion USD in treatment costs, the disease makes up 10% of global health expenditure. Unfortunately, the numbers for Switzerland aren’t any more comforting. It is estimated that around 500,000 people in Switzerland have diabetes making it one of the three main diseases that cause disabilities. And the burden for our national health system? A whopping 800 million CHF.

blue ruban- genetic disease - type 1 diabete

Types of diabetes

We often associate diabetes with people applying insulin injections to their stomach. This is characteristic for type 1 diabetes. Yet among several types of diabetes it is type 2 diabetes is by far the most common one. So, what’s the difference between the two?

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body can’t produce insulin, which regulates how we store and use glucose and fat. This kind of diabetes accounts for 10% of cases. It develops in childhood or adolescence and its symptoms emerge typically within a few weeks.

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes accounts for approximately 90% of cases. It is characterized by insulin resistance meaning that the body is unable to use insulin effectively. Therefore, glucose piles up in the bloodstream causing many health problems.

Don’t underestimate type 2 diabetes

One of the main problems of type 2 diabetes is that it usually takes 7 years before a person discovers it.

Symptoms

The early symptoms include increased thirst and hunger, frequent urination, unexplained weight and feeling tired. But those are just prequels for more serious complications.

Complications

Type 2 diabetes doubles the risk of heart attack and heart failure. It commonly causes cataracts and glaucoma making it the leading cause of preventable blindness. Plus type 2 diabetes impairs blood circulation, which makes serious leg and foot infections and even gangrene and amputations more likely. Last but not least it considerably increases the risk of kidney damage and reduced blood flow to nerves and high blood sugar result in intensive nerve pain.

the perfect type 2 diabetes prevention table. we see fruits, running shoes, a scale and water

How to curb it

The good news is that type 2 diabetes can be prevented. There are ways to limit the danger of the most severe complications. Sure, the first thing is being receptive to your own body, not skipping regular medical check-ups.  Yet, the best prevention is to do enough physical activity and eat a balanced diet in order to maintain a healthy weight. Naturally, this requires a change of our habits or even a lifestyle, which is easier said than done.

Get an individual plan

To achieve such a change, most of us need a helping hand. This is where Vivapp can help you. Vivapp accompanies you with professional coaches (nutritionists and dieticians), who will guide you on your journey to a healthier living. They will prepare an individual plan for you consisting of a set of advice and step-by-step measures. The personalization is the key here, because we are all unique. What works for one doesn’t have to work for another. If you are interested or you just want to take a quick test to determine your health score, please don’t hesitate to visit Vivapp. You can also contact one of the Vivapp Coaches.

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